Last week, we covered ten Latin words used in English and their English derivatives (words that come from other words). Because it was such a success (popular), because Latin is such an important source for English, and because we promised a part two…here are ten more Latin words in English!
If you are the type that loves word etymology (where words come from) and word borrowings, check out our past blogs with words that come from French, Yiddish, and German here and here!
So, get a bit ancient with your vocabulary and check out the list below:
Latin meaning: heavy
English derivatives: aggravate (to annoy someone or make heavy), grave (serious), gravity (the force that keeps things on the ground), grief (extreme sadness).
Latin meaning: grass
English derivatives: herbal (having to do with herbs), herbivore (an animal that only eats plants).
Latin meaning: toil
English derivatives: labor (work), laboratory (where scientists work), collaboration (when people work together to achieve something), elaboration (to explain something, to work out in detail).
Latin meaning: mindful
English derivatives: commemorate (to remember an event), memoir (a book someone writes about their life), memory (what you remember), memorial (a ceremony or statue for an event or a person).
Latin meaning: night
English derivatives: equinox (when daylight and nighttime are the same amount of hours, happens twice a year), nocturnal (when an animal is only awake at night), nocturne (a song, usually inspired by the night).
Latin meaning: order
English derivatives: coordinate (to match things together), disorder (when something is not organized), insubordinate (to disobey authority), ordnance (a rule), ordinary (normal and in order), ornery (if someone is bad tempered).
Latin meaning: bread
English derivatives: accompany (to go somewhere with someone), pantry (a small room where food is kept), company (a business, to associate with someone, to come together at a meal).
Latin meaning: brook (a small stream)
English derivatives: rival (an enemy who uses a common stream), derivation (when you get something from a source), rivulet (a small stream of liquid).
Latin meaning: sound, healthy
English derivatives: insane (a mental illness that prevents normal thinking), sanatorium (a mental hospital), sanity (reasonable and rational behavior).
Latin meaning: tribe, three
English derivatives: attribute (to credit someone with something), distribute (to share something with a number of people), tribal (belonging to a tribe of people), tribute (a gift meant to show respect).
Did YOU know these Latin words in English? Do you know any other English derivatives of these words? Share them with us in the comments below and test your knowledge!
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Check out these other popular blogs: Taboo words in English, 7 Synonyms for Being Drunk, 7 American English Slang Words, or these Sports Idioms used in English!
Erin Duffin lives in Hamburg, is an English teacher, blogger, and yoga instructor, and attributes her great success to great collaboration with both friends and rivals!