Each and every are used in a similar way, but they have slightly different meanings. This can be confusing when learning English. Sometimes even native speakers confuse them! Both each and every can refer to a singular object.
Here's how you can use them, and some examples.
The word each refers to a single object or person. When you use each, you want to emphasize (focus on, stress, point out, make more important) the individual and not the group as a whole.
Each can also be used when there are only two objects in the sentence.
Try to think of using each as being for specific objects in a group that stress the individual and not all the members of the group.
Every, unlike each, is used to refer to all the members (people) in a group.
Can you see how every focuses on all the people of the group, and not the individual? Think of the word every as a way to refer to a whole group. If you have a generalization about a group, you can use every.
Unlike each, every cannot be used to refer to two objects. If this ever comes up and you have to decide which word to use, pick the word each instead of (and not) every.
Sometimes it doesn't matter if you use each or every.
In this case, the sentences both have the same meaning. Either word can be used.
The meanings are the same, yes, but the speaker chooses (decides, picks, selects, gets, uses) if they want to focus on the individual or the group.
Also, you can sometimes use each and every together. This places emphasis on this part of the sentence.
This usage (using of the phrase) makes the main point of the sentence even stronger. It's great to use if you want to make your point very strong.
Do you have any questions about each and every in English? Let us know! We'd love to answer each and every one!
Erin Duffin lives in Hamburg, is an English teacher, blogger, yoga instructor, and would like to take this moment to thank each and every one of you for helping to make this blog and Bespeaking such a success! 🙂