If you're looking to deepen (improve, strengthen) your knowledge of English, it might be time to get into (understand, explore) some of the finer points of the language. That's why this week we’ve decided to take a look at transitive and intransitive verbs. Transitive and intransitive verbs are the two kinds of verbs in English.
Here's a look at these two types of verbs, as well as how to use them.
Transitive verbs are the most common kinds of verbs in English. They are action verbs that take a direct object, which is someone or something that receives the action of the verb. The direct object can be a noun, a phrase, or a pronoun.
If you're having trouble figuring out what the direct object of a sentence is, use the verb of the sentence as a question in “the question test”. The answer to the question “what?” is your direct object.
In the above example, read is the verb, and book is the direct object.
Here, do is the verb, and laundry is the direct object of the sentence.
Intransitive verbs are verbs that do not have a direct object. While they are still action verbs, there isn't anything taking the action of the verb in the sentence.
If you can't figure out (decide, understand, choose) if a verb is transitive or intransitive, try the little question test like we showed above. If there is no answer to “what?”, then the verb is intransitive.
Don't be alarmed, though- many verbs can be both transitive and intransitive!
Why not try some sentences out for yourself and let us know how it goes!
Is the sentence: a) transitive or b) intransitive?
Answers: 1) b 2) a 3) a 4) b 5) b 6) a 7) a 8) a 9) a 10) b
Do you have any questions about transitive and intransitive verbs? Let us know in the comments below, and we'll make sure to answer them for you!
Erin Duffin lives in Hamburg, is an English teacher, blogger, yoga instructor, would be happy to give you the gift of more language tips and trick next week in the blog!