10 Common Latin Words in English

Last week, we covered ten Latin words used in English and their English derivatives. Because it was such a success, because Latin is such an important source for English, and because we promised a part two…here are ten more Latin words in English!

If you are the type that loves word etymology and word borrowings, check out our past blogs with words that come from French, Yiddish, and German here and here!


So, get a bit ancient with your vocabulary and check out the list below:




Latin meaning: heavy


English derivatives: aggravate (to annoy someone or make heavy), grave (serious), gravity (the force that keeps things on the ground), grief (extreme sadness).




Latin meaning: grass


English derivatives: herbal (having to do with herbs), herbivore (an animal that only eats plants).




Latin meaning: toil


English derivatives: labor (work), laboratory (where scientists work), collaboration (when people work together to achieve something), elaboration (to explain something, to work out in detail).




Latin meaning: mindful


English derivatives: commemorate (to remember an event), memoir (a book someone writes about their life), memory (what you remember), memorial (a ceremony or statue for an event or a person).




Latin meaning: night


English derivatives: equinox (when daylight and nighttime are the same amount of hours, happens twice a year), nocturnal (when an animal is only awake at night), nocturne (a song, usually inspired by the night).




Latin meaning: order


English derivatives: coordinate (to match things together), disorder (when something is not organized), insubordinate (to disobey authority), ordnance (a rule), ordinary (normal and in order), ornery (if someone is bad tempered).




Latin meaning: bread


English derivatives: accompany (to go somewhere with someone), pantry (a small room where food is kept), company (a business, to associate with someone, to come together at a meal).




Latin meaning: brook (a small stream)


English derivatives: rival (an enemy who uses a common stream), derivation (when you get something from a source), rivulet (a small stream of liquid).




Latin meaning: sound, healthy


English derivatives: insane (a mental illness that prevents normal thinking), sanatorium (a mental hospital), sanity (reasonable and rational behavior).




Latin meaning: tribe, three


English derivatives: attribute (to credit someone with something), distribute (to share something with a number of people), tribal (belonging to a tribe of people), tribute (a gift meant to show respect).



Did YOU know these Latin words in English? Do you know any other English derivatives of these words? Share them with us in the comments below and test your knowledge!



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Erin Duffin lives in Berlin, is an English teacher, yoga instructor, and attributes her great success to great collaboration with both friends and rivals!  

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